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Maths GCSE 101: Exam boards, mark schemes, key dates and everything else you need to know


Are you a student preparing for your Maths GCSE exam this year? Or perhaps a parent looking to support your child through this crucial academic milestone? Either way, you've come to the right place! 

In this guide, we'll cover everything you need to know about Maths GCSE, from exam boards and mark schemes to key dates. 

Overview of Exam Boards and Structure

When it comes to the Maths GCSE exam, one of the first things you need to understand is the different exam boards. The Maths GCSE is offered by three main exam boards in the UK: AQA, Edexcel, and OCR. Each has its unique style and structure:

  1. AQA

If you're taking the AQA exams this year, get ready for a mix of challenging and doable questions in the 80-mark papers. Both Foundation and Higher tiers cover key topics like numbers, algebra, geometry, and statistics. AQA examiners design their papers to assess fluency, mathematical reasoning, and problem-solving skills in diverse contexts.

  1. Edexcel

Edexcel, with its finely-tuned matrix, offers mathematical problems embedded within real-life scenarios, designed to engage students through relevance. Their exam papers are structured to assess the full range of skills and knowledge students need for future study and employment across both the Foundation and Higher levels.

  1. OCR (Oxford, Cambridge, and RSA Examinations):

OCR students will focus on problem-solving with a mix of Maths and real-world scenarios. You'll need to show reasoning skills by solving multi-step problems, communicating Maths info well, and dealing with stats in context.

To help you decide which board suits you best, check out this Comparison Table below.



Understanding Mark Schemes and Gradings

Understanding mark schemes and grading is crucial for achieving your desired grade in the Mathematics GCSE exam. Mark schemes outline how marks are awarded for each question and what examiners are looking for in your responses. 

It's important to pay attention to keywords in questions, show clear workings, and provide accurate answers. Practice using mark schemes when revising past papers to improve your understanding of how marks are allocated and get your desired grade. 

2024 Key Dates for Maths GCSE


  • Mathematics Paper 1 (Foundation & Higher Tier): Thursday 16th May 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 2 (Foundation & Higher Tier): Monday 3rd June 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 3 (Calculator): Monday 10th June 2024 (Morning session)


  • Mathematics Paper 1 (Calculator/Foundation Tier) & Paper 4 (Calculator/Higher Tier): Thursday 16th May 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 2 (Non-Calculator/Foundation Tier) & Paper 5 (Non-Calculator/Higher Tier): Monday 3rd June 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 3 (Calculator/Foundation Tier) & Paper 6 (Calculator/Higher Tier): Monday 10th June 2024 (Morning session)


  • Mathematics Paper 1 (Non-Calculator/Foundation & Higher Tier): Thursday 16th May 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 2 (Calculator/Foundation & Higher Tier): Monday 3rd June 2024 (Morning session)

  • Mathematics Paper 3 (Calculator/Foundation & Higher Tier): Monday 10th June 2024 (Morning session)

Preparation Tips and Examiner Expectations

Preparation tips for the Maths GCSE include creating a study timetable that breaks down topics into manageable chunks, practising regularly with timed past papers under exam conditions, seeking help from teachers or tutors if needed, and staying positive throughout your revision journey. 

To help you get started with your revisions, we have created a weekly planner that allows you to customise your study plan and break down your revision into manageable weekly segments.

  • Photo of MyEdSpace weekly planner: here is a photo of our planner template for you to screenshot or take inspiration from:

  • Downloadable PDF of MyEdSpace weekly planner: click here for a downloadable version. 

Remember that consistency is key to mastering mathematical concepts—so don't leave everything until the last minute!

When taking the Maths GCSE, it is essential to demonstrate a clear understanding of mathematical principles, apply problem-solving skills effectively, use logical reasoning in your answers, and present your work neatly and logically to meet examiner expectations.

Before submitting your paper, make sure to carefully read and understand the questions, use appropriate terminology, and review your work for any errors.

Revision Techniques and Tools

When it comes to revision, the traditional method of simply reading through textbooks and notes might not be the most effective approach. Instead, engaging with the material actively can significantly enhance your understanding and retention of the subject. Here are some proven revision techniques and digital tools that can transform your study sessions:

Active Revision Methods:

  • Flashcards: A classic yet powerful tool, flashcards can help you memorise formulas, definitions, and key concepts. Write a question on one side of a card and the answer on the other. This method is particularly effective for exam prep as it helps reinforce memory recall. You can create a set for each topic and review them regularly. Here are a couple of flashcard apps that you might find useful: Quizlet and Anki.

  • Mind Maps: Mind maps are excellent for visual learners. Start with a central concept and draw branches out to different related topics, formulas, or problems. Use colours and images to make connections clearer. Here are some apps you might want to check out: MindMup and MindMeister.

  • Practice Questions: Applying what you've learned to practice questions and past exam papers is crucial. This not only tests your knowledge but also gets you familiar with the exam format and time constraints. After completing a set of questions, review your answers thoroughly to understand any mistakes and learn from them.

  • Summarising Notes: Instead of passively reading your notes, summarise them in your own words. This could mean rewriting them more concisely, converting them into bullet points, or explaining them to someone else. Teaching a concept to another person is often one of the best ways to solidify your understanding.

  • Spaced Repetition: This technique involves reviewing the material over increasing intervals of time. It exploits the psychological spacing effect, which means that you can learn more effectively if you spread out your study sessions. This method is perfect for long-term retention of mathematical formulas and concepts.

Stress Management and Well-being

The period leading up to exams can be a high-stress time for many students. However, managing stress effectively and maintaining your well-being is crucial for achieving your best performance. Here are some strategies to help you keep stress at bay and ensure you're looking after your mental and physical health during this crucial time:

  • Regular Breaks: Continuous studying without breaks can lead to burnout and decreased productivity. Implement the Pomodoro Technique, where you study for 25 minutes and then take a 5-minute break. During your breaks, step away from your study area; stretch, take a short walk, or do something you enjoy. This helps to clear your mind, reduce stress, and improve concentration when you return to your studies.

  • Physical Exercise: Regular physical activity is a powerful stress reliever. It doesn't have to be intense; even a daily 30-minute walk can make a significant difference. Exercise releases endorphins, which are natural mood lifters, and can help you sleep better, both of which are crucial during exam preparation. Try incorporating activities you enjoy, such as dancing, cycling, or team sports, into your routine.

  • Balanced Diet: What you eat can affect your energy levels and focus. Aim for a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid excessive caffeine and sugar, as they can lead to energy crashes. Staying hydrated is also vital; drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your brain functioning well.

  • Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques: Practices such as mindfulness, meditation, and deep breathing exercises can significantly reduce stress and anxiety. Allocate a few minutes each day to sit quietly and focus on your breath or practice guided meditations. Apps like Headspace or Cal offer short, guided sessions that can fit easily into your schedule.

  • Adequate Sleep: Never underestimate the power of a good night’s sleep, especially during exam season. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night. Establish a regular sleep schedule by going to bed and waking up at the same time each day. Avoid screens at least an hour before bedtime, as the blue light can disrupt your sleep patterns.

  • Social Support: Talking about your feelings and concerns with friends, family, or teachers can lighten your load. Don't isolate yourself; maintain social contacts and share study tips and encouragement with peers. Sometimes, just knowing you're not alone in the experience can reduce stress.

  • Seek Professional Help: If you find that stress is becoming overwhelming and is affecting your daily life, don't hesitate to seek professional help. Talk to a school counsellor, GP, or mental health professional. They can provide strategies and support to help you manage your stress effectively.

Exam Day Preparation

Proper preparation can significantly reduce anxiety and improve your performance on the exam day. Here is our Exam Day Checklist and Tips for a comprehensive list of tips and reminders. This checklist can help ensure you've covered all bases and are fully prepared for the big day.

  • Downloadable PDF of MyEdSpace exam checklist: click here for a downloadable version. 

FAQs: Maths GCSE Exam Boards and Common Queries

Q1: What are the main differences between the AQA, Edexcel, and OCR Maths GCSE exam boards?

A1: The main differences lie in the assessment styles and focus areas. AQA often combines coursework with final exams and covers a broad range of topics. Edexcel is known for its real-life scenario-based questions and linear examination structure. OCR offers a mix of coursework and exams on unique subjects like computing. Each board has its own set of past papers and resources.

Q2: How can I find out which exam board my school uses for Maths GCSE?

A2: The best way to find out is to ask your maths teacher or check your school’s website. Information about the exam board should be provided at the beginning of your GCSE course.

Q3: Can I use resources from one exam board to study for another?

A3: While some resources may be useful across different boards, it's best to focus on materials specific to your exam board due to differences in curriculum and exam structure. However, general maths practice and revision books can be beneficial regardless of the board.

Q4: Which exam board should I choose?

A4: The ideal exam board depends on your learning style and educational needs. AQA, OCR, and Edexcel cater to different preferences. Review our comparison tables to assist in making an informed choice.

Q5: Is one exam board more difficult than the others?

A5: The perceived difficulty of an exam board can vary for each student. Typically, higher-tier papers are more challenging across all boards. It's advisable to examine the specifications of each to identify which may align best with your strengths.

Q6: What if my school offers a different exam board than the one I prefer?

A6: Typically, schools choose the exam board for their students, and it's not possible to switch for individual preferences. However, understanding the strengths of your school's chosen board can help you adapt your study approach effectively. Engage with your teachers about any concerns; they can provide tailored support and resources to help you succeed with the given exam board.


Remember: Preparation, understanding the format, and staying calm are key to succeeding in your Maths GCSE. If you have more questions, don’t hesitate to ask your teachers or consult your exam board’s website. Good luck!


Author: MyEdSpace
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